Nebulizer nke Ahụike

E jiri ya tụnyere usoro ọdịnala nke ị medicineụ ọgwụ iji gwọọ ụkwara ume ọkụ na ọrịa ndị ọzọ na-eku ume, ọgwụ nebulizer na-eme ka mmiri ọgwụ dị obere pere mpe, ọgwụ ahụ na-abanyekwa akụkụ iku ume na ngụgụ site na iku ume iku ume, si otú ahụ nweta ọgwụgwọ na-enweghị mgbu, ngwangwa ma dị irè.

5 Mere Iji Medical Nebulizer

  1. Ndị ọrịa na-arịwanye elu nke ọrịa akụkụ iku ume, ọkachasị ụmụaka nwere nsogbu onwe ha, dịka ụmụaka ndị na-akọ ụkwara mgbe niile, na-eji ọgwụ ọdịnala ma ọ bụ injections, ụmụaka nwere nsogbu ị medicinesụ ọgwụ, na-atụ egwu inje, na ị drugsụ ọgwụ ọjọọ site na akwara ma ọ bụ ọbara ji nwayọọ nwayọọ, ụmụaka na-ata ahụhụ ogologo oge. oge;
  2. Ọ na-eweta nsogbu ịga ụlọ ọgwụ iji kwụ n'ahịrị maka ndebanye aha, na-eche ogologo oge, yana enwere ihe egwu nke ịrịa ọrịa na gburugburu ụlọ ọgwụ ahụ n'onwe ya;
  3. Ọ bụrụ na ọgwụ ahụ na-aga n’ime ahụ, ọ nwere ike ịnwe nsonaazụ, nke anaghị enye aka na uto ahụike nke ụmụaka.
  4. Ugboro ugboro, ịmịnye saline ugboro ugboro; nsogbu ị takeụ ọgwụ n'ụlọ, nwayọ nwayọ; N'otu oge ahụ, ọgwụ ahụ nwere nsi atọ, ọ ga-abụkwa na ọ ga-eji ogologo oge mee ihe
  5. Enwere ọtụtụ ụlọ ọgwụ ndị mepụtara ọgwụgwọ aerosol, nke na-enweghị mgbu ma dị irè ma e jiri ya tụnyere ọgwụgwọ ọdịnala ma ọ bụ ọgwụgwọ ogwu.

HọrọNhọrọ Medical Nebulizer atụmatụ

ChoiceMMed Medical Nebulizer na-akwado mmiri ọgwụ ahụ site na atomizer, na-eji ụkpụrụ nke jet gas na-emetụta ọgwụ mmiri n'ime obere ahụ, kwụsịtụrụ na ikuku, na ntinye n'ime akụkụ okuku ume site na njikọ njikọta, na-egbochi mpịakọta atomized nke atomizer. Ma ọ dịghị mfe ikukota ma jikọta, ahụ mmadụ dị mma iku ume, wee banye na bronchus, ngụgụ na akụkụ ndị ọzọ, nke dabara adaba maka ịgwọ ọrịa nke akụkụ okuku ume ala.

  • Otu-isi ọrụ
  • Kemeghi atomizing iko
  • Ọma atomizing ahụ
  • Ndobe ugha
  • Fọdụrụ ọgwụ dị ala
  • Akwa atomizing arụmọrụ

E nwere ụdị atọ nke ọgwụ atomizer, ụdị ndị bụ isi bụ mkpakọ atomizers (gas mkpakọ ikuku mkpakọ atomizers) na ultrasonic atomizers, na nke ọzọ bụ ntupu atomizer (ma yana mkpakọ atomizer na Ultrasonic atomizer atụmatụ, obere nha, mfe iburu)

Ultrasonic Medical Nebulizer Teknụzụ

Nebulizer nke ultrasonic atomizer enweghị nhọrọ maka irighiri irighiri, yabụ ọtụtụ n'ime mkpụrụ ọgwụ ọgwụ ndị emepụtara nwere ike ịdebe na ngwangwa iku ume nke elu dị ka ọnụ na akpịrị, yana n'ihi na ego nke ntinye na ngụgụ dị obere, ọ enweghị ike ịgwọ ọrịa nke akụkụ iku ume ala nke ọma. N'otu oge ahụ, n'ihi nnukwu alụlụ ahụ nke ultrasonic atomizer na ngwa ngwa atomization, onye ọrịa ahụ kuru oke mmiri mmiri ka ọ ghara ịmịkọrọ akụkụ okuku ume. Akọrọ secretions na akụkụ okuku ume na akpa na mbụ gbochiri bronchus gbasaa mgbe adọrọ mmiri na ụba nke akụkụ okuku ume na Nguzogide nwere ike ime ka hypoxia, na ultrasonic nebulizer ga-eme ka ọgwụ na ahụ ike ngwọta na-etolite ụmụ irighiri mmiri na kpọgidere na uji eze mgbidi, nke bụ adịghị irè maka ọrịa akụkụ iku ume ala, ma nwee nnukwu ọchịchọ maka ọgwụ, na-akpata nsị.

Mkpakọ Medical Nebulizer Technology

Olee otú Ọ na-arụ ọrụ

Igwe ikuku na-eme ka ikuku gas na-eji ikuku na-eme ka ikuku na-agba ọsọ ọsọ site na obere ntanye. Trachea na-agba agba.

Ntupu Medical Nebulizer Technology

Olee otú Ọ na-arụ ọrụ

Site na ịma jijiji na elu nke vibrator, a na-amịpụta mmiri ahụ site na oghere nke isi ntutu isi ahụ, ma na-agba ya site na iji obere vibration ultrasonic na ntupu isi isi. Ọ bụ nke ụdị atomizer kachasị ọhụrụ ma nwee mkpakọ. Njirimara nke atomizer na ultrasonic atomizer, usoro ịgba bụ iji obere ultrasonic vibration na ntupu na-agbapụta isi iji na-agba, bụ atomizer ezinụlọ maka ụmụaka nwere ụkwara ume ọkụ, dị mfe iburu ebe ọ bụla.

Njikọ Ngwaahịa

A na-ejikarị ọgwụ nebulizer agwọ ọrịa dị iche iche nke usoro iku ume nke elu na ala, dị ka oyi, ọkụ, ụkwara ume ọkụ, ụkwara ume ọkụ, akpịrị akpịrị, pharyngitis, rhinitis, bronchitis, pneumoconiosis na trachea ndị ọzọ, bronchi, alveoli, na ọrịa obi.


Na ọgwụ, nebulizer (American English) ma ọ bụ nebuliser (British Bekee) bụ ngwaọrụ nnyefe ọgwụ eji eme ihe iji nye ọgwụ ọgwụ n'ụdị alụlụ anwụrụ ọkụ na iku ume. A na-ejikarị ndị Nebulizer eme ihe maka ọgwụgwọ nke ashma, cystic fibrosis, COPD na ọrịa ndị ọzọ na-eku ume ma ọ bụ nsogbu. Ha na - eji oxygen, ikuku atụnyere ma ọ bụ ikike ultrasonic iji mebisie ihe nkwụsị na mwepu n'ime obere ụmụ irighiri ikuku nke nwere ike ịkụnye n'ọnụ ọnụ nke ngwaọrụ ahụ. Ihe aerosol bụ ngwakọta gas na ihe siri ike ma ọ bụ mmiri mmiri.

Ejiri ọgwụ

Formdị ọzọ nke nebulization

ụkpụrụ nduzi

Ntuziaka dị iche iche dị na ashma, dịka Global Initiative maka Ashma Guida [GINA], Ntuziaka Britain banyere njikwa ashma, Nduzi Ọdụmụaka Ọrịa Canada, yana Usoro United States maka Nchoputa na Ọgwụ Ashma ọ bụla na-atụ aro ị inụ ọgwụ were gboo n'ọnọdụ nke nebulizer napụtara ọrịa. Ndị European Respiratory Society kwetara na n'agbanyeghị na a na-eji ọgwụ ndị nebulizer eme ihe n'ụlọ ọgwụ na n'ụlọ ha na-atụ aro ka ọtụtụ n'ime ojiji a nwere ike ọ nweghị ihe ndabere.

irè

Ihe akaebe na-adịbeghị anya na-egosi na nebulizers adịghị arụ ọrụ karịa metered-dose inhalers (MDI) nwere spacers. MDI nwere spacer nwere ike inye uru nye ụmụaka nwere nnukwu ụkwara ume ọkụ. Nchọpụta ndị ahụ na-ezo aka kpọmkwem na ọgwụgwọ ụkwara ume ọkụ na ọ bụghị na nrụpụta nke nebulizer n'ozuzu, dị ka COPD dịka ọmụmaatụ. Maka COPD, karịsịa mgbe a na-enyocha ihe ndị na-eme ka ọ dịkwuo njọ ma ọ bụ ọgụ ngụgụ, ọ dịghị ihe àmà na-egosi na MDI (ya na onye na-ahụ maka oghere) na-enye ọgwụ. dị irè karịa iji nebulizer were otu ọgwụ were were were were were were were were were were were were were were mee otu ọgwụ ahụ. European Respiratory Society gosipụtara ihe egwu metụtara mmụgharị nha nha droplet sitere na ire ngwaọrụ nebulizer iche na ngwọta nebulized. Ha chọpụtara na omume a nwere ike ịdịgasị iche nke droplet nha 10-n'ogige ma ọ bụ karịa site n'ịgbanwe site na usoro nebulizer na-adịghị arụ ọrụ na-arụ ọrụ nke ọma. Uru abụọ a na-akpọ nebulizers, ma e jiri ya tụnyere MDI na ndị na-ahụ maka oghere (inhaler), bụ ikike ha na-ebuga nnukwu doses na a. ngwa ngwa ngwa ngwa, karịsịa na nnukwu ụkwara ume ọkụ; Otú ọ dị, data na-adịbeghị anya na-egosi n'ezie ọnụ ọgụgụ nkwụnye ego nku ume bụ otu. Na mgbakwunye, nnwale ọzọ chọpụtara na MDI (ya na spacer) nwere obere ihe achọrọ maka nsonaazụ ụlọ ọgwụ ma e jiri ya tụnyere nebulizer (lee Clark, et al. ntụaka ndị ọzọ). Ewezuga iji ya na ọrịa ngụgụ na-adịghị ala ala, a pụkwara iji nebulizers gwọọ nnukwu nsogbu dị ka ikuku ume nke ihe na-egbu egbu. Otu ihe atụ dị otú ahụ bụ ọgwụgwọ ikuku ume nke hydrofluoric acid (HF) vapors. Calcium gluconate bụ ọgwụgwọ nke mbụ maka ikpughe HF na akpụkpọ ahụ. Site na iji nebulizer, enwere ike ibunye calcium gluconate na ngụgụ dị ka ikuku ikuku iji gbochie nsi nke vapors HF ikuru ume.

Nkwụnye ikuku Aerosol

Njirimara nke oghere nku ume na ike nke ihe aerosol dabere na ukwu na nha. N'ozuzu, obere urughuru ahụ na-enwekwu ohere nke ịbanye na oghere. Agbanyeghị, maka ezigbo ihe dị n'okpuru 0.5 inm na dayameta enwere ohere nke ịzere itinye ego kpamkpam ma ewepu ume. Na 1966, Task Group on Lung Dynamics, nke metụtara ihe dị oke egwu nke nsị nke nsí gburugburu ebe obibi, tụrụ aro maka ịchebe ụmụ irighiri ihe dị na ngụgụ. Nke a tụrụ aro na ihe karịrị 10 5m na ​​dayameta yikarịrị ka edobe n'ọnụ na akpịrị, maka ndị nke 10 μm dayameta mgbanwe site na ọnụ gaa n'okporo ụzọ nkwụnye akụ na-eme, ụmụ irighiri ihe na-erughị 5 inm na dayameta na-etinyekarị ugboro ugboro. n’okporo ụzọ dị ala ma dị mma maka ikuku ọgwụ.

Ofdị nebulizer

Ulo ikuku nke ugbo elu

Vial nke 0.5% nke albuterol sulfate inhalation solution nke nebulizer Pneumatic Jet nebulizer Ihe ndị a na-ahụkarị bụ jet nebulizer, nke a na-akpọkwa "atomizer". [10] A na-ejikọ ikuku ụgbọ mmiri jikọtara ọnụ na ikuku ọkpụrụkpụ, ikuku na-agbakasị ma ọ bụ oxygen ka ọ na-aga n'okporo ụzọ dị elu site na ọgwụ mmiri iji mee ka ọ bụrụ ikuku, nke onye ọrịa ahụ na-ekuru. Ugbu a enwere echiche dị n'etiti ndị dibia ịhọrọ ndenye ọgwụ Metered Dose Inhaler (pMDI) maka ndị ọrịa ha, kama ịbụ jet nebulizer na -eme ọtụtụ mkpọtụ karịa (ọtụtụ mgbe 60 dB n'oge a na-eji ya) ma na-anaghị ebugharị obere n'ihi a ibu kariri. Agbanyeghị, jet nebulizer bụ ndị a na-ejikarị maka ndị ọrịa nọ n'ụlọ ọgwụ nwere nsogbu ị inụ ọgwụ, dị ka nnukwu ọrịa nke iku ume, ma ọ bụ ọgụ ụkwara ume ọkụ. Isi uru nke jet nebulizer metụtara ya na-arụ ọrụ dị ala. Ọ bụrụ na onye ọrịa ahụ kwesịrị ị medicineụ ọgwụ kwa ụbọchị, ojiji nke pMDI nwere ike ịdị ọnụ. Taa, ọtụtụ ndị na-emepụta ihe jisiri ike belata ịdị arọ nke ụgbọelu jet ahụ ruo gram 635 (22.4 oz), ma si otú a malite ịkpọ ya dị ka ngwaọrụ mkpanaka. N'iji ya na ndị ọzọ na-asọmpi na nebulizer, mkpọtụ na ibu dị arọ ka bụ nnukwu ndọghachi azụ nke ụgbọ ikuku. Aha ahia maka jet nebulizers gụnyere Maxin. Mistlọ ọrụ ahụike Boehringer Ingelheim mepụtakwara ngwaọrụ ọhụrụ akpọrọ Respimat Soft Mist Inhaler na 1997. Teknụzụ ọhụụ a na-eme ka onye ọrụ ahụ nwee ihe mepere emepe, ebe mmiri mmiri nke inhaler na-agbagharị n'akụkụ aka elekere 180 site na aka, na-agbakwunye imezi esemokwu n'ime mmiri n'akụkụ akpa mmiri na-agbanwe. Mgbe onye ọrụ jiri ike nke inhaler rụọ ọrụ, a na-ewepụta ike sitere na mmiri wee mee ka nrụgide dị na akpa mmiri mmiri na-agbanwe, na-eme ka mmiri mmiri gbasaa site na nozzles 2, si otú a na-eme ka alụlụ dị nro iji kọọ. Ngwaọrụ ahụ enweghị gas na-enye ya ikike na batrị ma ọ bụ ọrụ iji rụọ ọrụ. Ejiri ogo ogbe oke na alụlụ n’ihe ruru mita 5.8, nke nwere ike igosipụta nsogbu ọfụma ọfụma ọfụma maka ọgwụ eji ekubata ume na ngụgụ. Ọnwụnwa ndị sochirinụ egosila na nke a abụghị ikpe. N'ihi oke ọsọ nke alụlụ dị nro, Soft Mist Inhaler n'ezie nwere arụmọrụ dị elu ma e jiri ya tụnyere pMDI ot. N'afọ 2000, ebidoro arụmụka kwupụta European Respiratory Society (ERS) iji mee ka akọwapụta ma gbasaa nkọwa ha banyere onye nebulizer, ka enwere ike ịkepụta ọhụụ dị ka Soft Mist Inhaler na teknụzụ abụọ dị ka 'aka bebulizer' na "pMD aka aka. ”. Ọdụdọ Ultrasonic wave nebulizer Ultrasonic wave nebulizers e mepụtakwara na 1965 dị ka ụdị ọhụrụ nke obere nebulizer. Teknụzụ dị n'ime nebulizer na-efegharị ultrasonic ga-enwe oscillator elektrọnikị na-ebupute ebili mmiri ultrasonic dị elu, nke na-eme ka ụjọ na-ama jijiji nke akụkụ pazoelectric. Ihe a na-ama jijiji na kọntaktị na mmiri esite na mmụba ọfụma ya zuru oke iji mepụta vapo na-eme ka ọ bụrụ na ha na -emepụta ihe ikuku site na ịma jijiji nke ultrasonic kama iji compressor ikuku, ha nwere naanị ibu dị gburugburu 170 gram (6.0 oz) . Uru ọzọ bụ na ultrasonic vibration nke gbara nkịtị. Ihe atụ nke ụdị ọhụụ nke nebulizer ndị a bụ: Omron NE-U17 na Beurer Nebulizer IH30. Vibrating ntupu technology Ihe ohuru ohuru ohuru emere na ahia nebulizer gburugburu 2005, na ihe okike nke ultrasonic Vibrating Mesh Technology (VMT). Site na teknụzụ a ntupu / akpụkpọ ahụ nwere 1000-7000 laser gbapuru oghere na-ama jijiji n'elu mmiri esite, wee si otú a na-eme ka a ghara ịta mmiri nke ọma. Teknụzụ a na-arụ ọrụ nke ọma karịa inwe ihe dị n'ime ala na - emegharị ahụ n'ụsọ nke mmiri esite mmiri, yabụ na - enweta oge ọgwụgwọ dị mkpụmkpụ. Nsogbu ochie achọtara na ultrasonic nebulizer na-agba mmiri, na-enwe nnukwu mmiri mmiri na-ekpo ọkụ na mmiri ọkụ a na-achọghị, edozila ya site na ọhụụ nebulizer ọhụrụ. Nebulizers VMT dịnụ gụnyere: Pari eFlow, Respironics i-Neb, Beurer Nebulizer IH50, na Aerogen Aeroneb.

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